Kelin Li 1, Minghui Wang 1, Ruxia Wang 2, Xiaojuan Wang 1, Hongchao Jiao 1, Jingpeng Zhao 1, Yunlei Zhou 3, Haifang Li 4, Hai Lin 1
The effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on glucose homeostasis remains to be elucidated, especially in the state of insulin resistance.
In the present study, we aimed to investigate H2S-regulated glucose uptake in the M. pectoralis major (PM) muscle (which mainly consists of fast-twitch glycolytic fibers) and M. biceps femoris (BF) muscle (which mainly consists of slow-twitch oxidative fibers) of the chicken, a potential model of insulin resistance.
Chicks were subjected to intraperitoneal injection of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, 50 μmol/kg body mass/day) twice a day to explore glucose homeostasis. In vitro, myoblasts from PM and BF muscles were used to detect glucose uptake and utilization. Effects of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, AMPK S-sulfhydration, and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway induction by NaHS were detected.
NaHS enhanced glucose uptake and utilization in chicks (P < 0.05). In myoblasts from PM muscle, NaHS (100 μM) increased glucose uptake by activating AMPK S-sulfhydration, AMPK phosphorylation, and the AMPK/p38 MAPK pathway (P < 0.05). However, NaHS decreased glucose uptake in myoblasts from BF muscle by suppressing the p38 MAPK pathway (P < 0.05). Moreover, NaHS increased S-sulfhydration and, in turn, the phosphorylation of AMPK (P < 0.05).
This study reveals the role of H2S in enhancing glucose uptake and utilization in chicks. The results suggest that NaHS is involved in glucose uptake in skeletal muscle in a fiber type-dependent way. The AMPK/p38 pathway and protein S-sulfhydration promote glucose uptake in fast-twitch glycolytic muscle fibers, which provides a muscle fiber-specific potential therapeutic target to ameliorate glucose metabolism.
Paper Linkage https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tjnut.2023.08.024