Wenrong Liu a, Xianxu Li a, Huijuan Lv a, Chunliu Liang a, Qian Wang a, Xiangfeng Yao a, Chang Dong a, Wenjuan Zhang b, Jinhua Wang a, Lusheng Zhu a, Jun Wang a
In recent years, the extensive distribution of phthalates (PAEs) in soils has attracted increasing attention. In this study, the concentrations of six types of PAEs were measured in five dissimilar regions of the Yellow River Delta (YRD), and regional differences, pollution characteristics and health risks of PAEs pollution were investigated. The detection rate of PAEs was 100 %, and the concentration range of Σ6PAEs was 0.709–9.565 mg/kg, with an average of 3.258 ± 2.031 mg/kg. There were different spatial distribution differences of PAEs in soils of the YRD, with residential living, chemical industrial, and crop growing areas being the main areas of PAEs distribution. It was worth noting that di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) are prominent contributors to PAEs in soils of the YRD. Correlation analyses showed that soils physicochemical properties such as SOM, TN and CEC were closely correlated to the transport and transformation of PAEs. Use by petrochemical industries, accumulation of plasticizers, additives (derived from cosmetics, food, pharmaceutical), fertilizers, pesticides, plastics, and atmospheric deposition are the principal sources of PAEs in the YRD. A health risk assessment showed that the health risk caused by non-dietary intake of PAEs was low and considered acceptable. PAEs pollution in the YRD soil is particularly noteworthy, especially for the prevention and control of DEHP and DBP pollution. This study provides basic data for an effective control of soil PAEs pollution in the YRD, which is conducive to the sustainable development of the region.
Paper Linkage https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.166972